Fine Motor Techniques: Games and Exercises for Children with Dyspraxia.

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Dyspraxia, also known as developmental coordination disorder, is a neurological disorder that affects the planning and execution of movements. The exact causes of dyspraxia are not yet fully understood, but it is generally accepted that it is a developmental disorder that can be influenced by both genetic and environmental factors.

Common symptoms of dyspraxia in children include reduced motor coordination, difficulty performing precise movements, poor posture and low physical stamina. Children with dyspraxia may also have difficulty following verbal instructions, planning and organizing daily activities, and developing reading and writing skills.

How does dyspraxia affect children’s fine motor skills?

Dyspraxia affects children’s fine motor skills by disrupting their ability to coordinate and control the movements of their hands and fingers. Children with dyspraxia may have difficulty holding a pencil correctly, buttoning their clothes, using scissors or handling small objects. They may also have difficulty performing fine, precise movements, such as writing or drawing.

Daily activities that can be difficult for children with dyspraxia include dressing, manipulating objects, taking part in construction games and participating in artistic activities such as drawing and painting. These difficulties can lead to frustration and low self-esteem in children with dyspraxia, underscoring the importance of helping these children develop their fine motor skills.

Fine motor games for dyspraxic children: why are they important?

Fine motor development is essential for children with dyspraxia, enabling them to acquire the skills they need to perform everyday tasks and participate fully in their environment. Fine motor games help children improve their hand-eye coordination, muscle strength and movement control, which can have a positive impact on their ability to perform tasks such as writing, manipulating objects and participating in physical activities.

By incorporating fine motor activities into the daily routine of children with dyspraxia, parents and educators can help them develop their fine motor skills in a fun and stimulating way. These activities can also help boost the self-confidence and self-esteem of children with dyspraxia, showing them that they are capable of succeeding in tasks that previously seemed difficult.

The benefits of fine motor play for dyspraxic children

Fine motor games are an invaluable resource in the development of dyspraxic children, offering a multitude of benefits that go far beyond improving hand-eye coordination. These fun and educational activities are designed to capture children’s attention while providing targeted stimulation of fine motor skills. Here’s an in-depth exploration of their benefits:

Improved hand-eye coordination and dexterity

  • Developing precision: Games that require delicate manipulation of objects, such as stringing beads or building scale models, hone the child’s ability to align vision with hand movements, improving precision in everyday tasks.
  • Increased dexterity: Activities such as cutting, coloring in small spaces, or even assembling small puzzles, encourage the development of dexterous, controlled finger manipulation.

Specific muscle strengthening

  • Hand and finger muscles Games: Games involving kneading play dough, using tongs to sort small objects, or buttoning and unbuttoning, focus on strengthening the muscles of the hands and fingers, which is crucial for acquiring writing skills and other activities requiring finesse.
  • Wrist and forearm stability: Some games also encourage wrist and forearm strength and stability, fundamental to precise, controlled movements.

Promoting self-esteem and confidence

  • Achievement and pride: Success in fine motor games can be particularly rewarding for dyspraxic children, who may have difficulties in other areas. Each success is another brick in the building of their self-esteem.
  • Increased motivation: Involvement in these activities, especially when recognized and celebrated, can boost a child’s motivation to keep up the effort and take on new challenges.

Cognitive and emotional benefits

Concentration and patience: Fine motor activities often require concentration and patience, cross-cutting skills that will benefit the child in many other educational and social contexts.

  • Problem solving: Many games involve an element of strategic thinking or problem solving, such as following instructions to build a specific object. This encourages not only logical thinking but also perseverance.
  • Frustration management: Learning to manage the challenges inherent in these games helps children develop strategies for coping with frustration, a crucial emotional skill.

Socialization and interaction

  • Collaborative games: Some fine motor games can be played with peers or adults, encouraging social interaction and teamwork. Children learn to share, negotiate and collaborate towards a common goal.
  • Communication and language: Group activities offer opportunities to develop language and communication skills, as children discuss what they’re doing, ask questions, and express their ideas or feelings.

Flexibility and adaptability

  • Varied activities: A wide variety of fine motor games are available, ranging from creative leisure activities to more structured exercises, allowing activities to be adapted to the child’s specific interests and level of development.
  • Sensory integration: Many of these games incorporate sensory components (visual, tactile) that can be particularly beneficial for children with special sensory needs, contributing to better sensory integration.

Fine motor play is a valuable tool for supporting the development of dyspraxic children, offering a range of benefits that extend far beyond motor skills. They play an essential role in a child’s overall development, including emotional, cognitive and social growth. By regularly incorporating these games into the child’s routine, parents and educators can provide a solid foundation that not only enhances fine motor skills, but also enriches the child’s quality of life in many other ways.

Fine motor exercises for dyspraxic children: how to choose them?

When choosing fine motor exercises for children with dyspraxia, it’s important to take into account their individual interests and abilities. Activities must be adapted to the specific needs of each child, taking into account their level of development and particular difficulties.

It’s also important to choose activities that are fun and stimulating for children with dyspraxia. Children are more likely to engage in activities that interest them and are suited to their abilities, which can help motivate them to develop their fine motor skills.

Some activities that can benefit children with dyspraxia include manipulating objects such as puzzles, beads or building blocks, using drawing instruments such as pencils or brushes, and playing board games that require hand-eye coordination.

Manipulative games to improve fine motor skills in dyspraxic children

Manipulative games are particularly beneficial for children with dyspraxia, as they help develop hand-eye coordination, muscle strength and movement control. Manipulative activities can include puzzles, beads, building blocks and other objects that require precise, coordinated handling.

These activities help children with dyspraxia to improve their ability to grasp and manipulate objects, which can have a positive impact on their ability to perform tasks such as dressing, manipulating objects and participating in artistic activities.

Integrating technology into handling activities offers a new and enriching dimension, as demonstrated by the CPLAY project. This innovative project combines augmented reality with physical manipulation games, enabling dyspraxic children to engage in activities that strengthen their fine motor skills in a fun, interactive way. In CPLAY, children are invited to stack or align cubes in physical space, while augmented reality enriches this experience with captivating visuals and sounds, transforming a simple manipulative task into an immersive adventure.


Specific benefits of the CPLAY project for dyspraxia :

  1. Improved hand-eye coordination: By visually following the instructions and responses provided by augmented reality while manipulating the cubes, children develop their hand-eye coordination in a dynamic and engaging way.
  2. Building muscle strength: Repeated handling of the cubes helps strengthen hand and finger muscles, essential for fine tasks such as writing or drawing.
  3. Greater control over movements: The need to align cubes precisely according to virtual instructions encourages children to exercise more detailed and nuanced control over their movements.
  4. Sensory engagement: Augmented reality brings a sensory richness to the experience, with visual and sound effects that capture the child’s attention, stimulating engagement and motivation.


5. Playful interaction and motivation: Transforming manipulative activities into interactive games significantly increases children’s motivation to perform exercises that might otherwise seem repetitive or tedious.

6. Immediate, adaptive feedback: The augmented reality system can provide immediate feedback on the child’s performance, which is crucial for learning and adjusting movements.

Extension of the CPLAY project :

  • Development of cognitive skills: In addition to fine motor benefits, CPLAY can integrate cognitive challenges, such as problem-solving or sequence memorization, enriching the overall educational experience.
  • Customization: Level of difficulty and type of activities offered

can be adjusted to suit each child’s needs and skill level, offering a personalized experience that evolves with the child.

  • Social interaction: Although focused on individual cube manipulation, CPLAY also offers opportunities for group activities, encouraging cooperation, communication and the development of social skills in dyspraxic children.
  • Developing autonomy: By taking part in playfully structured activities, children gain confidence and independence, which can have a positive impact on their self-esteem and willingness to explore new activities.


Drawing and coloring activities for dyspraxic children

Drawing and coloring activities are excellent for helping children with dyspraxia to develop their fine motor skills. These activities require precise hand-eye coordination, as well as a good command of fine, precise movements.

To adapt these activities to the needs of children with dyspraxia, it may be useful to use pencils or brushes adapted to their level of development. For example, thicker pencils or brushes with wider handles can be easier for children with dyspraxia to hold.

It’s also important to give children with dyspraxia enough time to complete their tasks, and to provide support and encouragement throughout the process. This can help them develop self-confidence and improve their fine motor skills.

Building sets for dyspraxic children

Construction games are an excellent way to help children with dyspraxia develop their fine motor skills. These activities require precise hand-eye coordination, as well as a good command of fine, precise movements.

Children with dyspraxia can benefit from construction games such as building blocks, Lego or 3D puzzles. These activities help improve hand-eye coordination, muscle strength and movement control, while encouraging creativity and imagination.

Board games to improve fine motor skills in dyspraxic children

Board games and other social activities can also help children with dyspraxia to develop their fine motor skills. These activities often require precise hand-eye coordination, as well as a good command of fine, precise movements.

Board games such as dominoes, card games and games that involve manipulating objects can be beneficial for children with dyspraxia. These activities help improve hand-eye coordination, concentration and movement control, while promoting social interaction and the development of social skills.

Tips to encourage dyspraxic children to play games and practice fine motor skills.

Encouraging dyspraxic children to engage in games and fine motor exercises requires a caring and creative approach to make these activities engaging and rewarding. Here are detailed tips, organized into bullet points, to facilitate their participation and maximize the benefits of these exercises:

Choosing the right activities

  • Align with interests: Select games that match children’s passions, whether superheroes, animals or space themes, to boost their motivation.
  • Variety and fun: Incorporate a range of activities to avoid monotony, such as modeling clay, puzzles, drawing or crafts, to stimulate ongoing interest.

Providing tailored support

  • Constant encouragement: Offer encouragement and praise for every little bit of progress, valuing the effort as much as the result.
  • Assistance when needed: Be available to help the child through difficult stages, without taking complete control of the activity.

Integrate into your daily routine

  • Regularity of sessions: Plan dedicated times each day for fine motor skills practice, helping to create a habit.
  • Natural integration: Incorporate fine motor exercises into everyday activities, such as dressing (buttons, zippers) or household chores (folding towels, sorting cutlery).

Techniques to increase engagement

  • Educational games with technology: Use educational applications on tablet or computer that encourage fine motor skills through touch and manipulation of virtual objects.
  • Creative workshops: Organize craft sessions where children can create objects from a variety of materials, encouraging dexterity and creativity.

Recognizing efforts and achievements

  • Progress chart: Set up a visual chart where progress and achievements can be marked with stickers or stars, providing a tangible representation of the child’s successes.
  • Celebrate success: Taking the time to celebrate successes, big or small, boosts self-confidence and the desire to keep up the good work.

Adapting activities to individual needs

  • Personalization: Adapt the level of difficulty of games and exercises to the child’s level of development, gradually increasing the challenges as the child progresses.
  • Constructive feedback: Provide constructive feedback to guide the child towards improvement, while maintaining a supportive and positive environment.

By applying these tips sensitively and creatively, parents and educators can help dyspraxic children develop their fine motor skills in a playful and stimulating way, making a significant contribution to their well-being and independence.


Coco primary


Coco pense et Coco bouge is an educational games program for dyspraxic children aged 5 to 10. A variety of games to work on all cognitive functions. A compulsory sports break every 15 minutes of screen time. Smartphone and tablet.


The JOE program, your brain coach, will help dyspraxic teenagers and adults. They can search for games by cognitive function. Joe will also be able to recommend the games best suited to each user’s needs. Smartphone and tablet.

rolling ball


The Bille qui Roule application is an innovative tool designed to improve fine motor skills through attractive, interactive challenges. By guiding a virtual ball through courses and obstacles, users can improve their precision, control and hand-eye coordination.


In this guide, we give you practical advice on how to support a dyspraxic child, and what activities to suggest with Coco and La bille qui roule. Tips and strategies for families, based on fun, bonding solutions. Test it for free.

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